Water quality monitoring reveals the health of rivers, lakes, coasts and groundwater. It comprises repeated (with defined parameters and frequency) analysis of water quality, through sampling at field sites, analysis in the laboratory, and data interpretation.The EU Water Framework Directive relies firstly on ecological monitoring investigating the actual status of indicator species in each local water body (biological and hydromorphological monitoring). The results of water monitoring are also incorporated into River Basin Management Plans to inform on the current status of all surface and groundwater (intact or deteriorated) and on the effect of measures implemented for its rehabilitation.
In the Republic of Moldova, water monitoring is mainly checking physico-chemical parameters (to detect nutrients and pollutants from agriculture, urban wastewater and diverse industries).
The EU4Environment Water and Data programme builds additional capacity and further improves the monitoring of surface and groundwater to comply with the requirements of the EU WFD. Additional surveys and trainings are planned.
Opportunities to advance in the transboundary collaborations with Ukraine is strongly related to the war situation. The national laboratory receives training and support (methods for EU WFD priority substances and assistance in accreditation processes for new substances).
Environment Agency Austria