Armenia has committed to reform water policies and practices as part of the Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) signed in November 2017 with the European Union, which entered into force on 1 March 2021. Armenia has also signed the UN Protocol on Water and Health to achieve safe drinking water supply and adequate sanitation for everyone.
Since the early 2000s, Armenia has initiated a targeted programme to strengthen its water sector. Progress has been made, but key challenges remain. The country has invested significantly in water supply, but sanitation and pollution control remain critical issues. Other problems include financial sustainability of integrated water resources management, including the river basin management process, and the need to strengthen institutional capacity and improve monitoring of water quantity and quality. There is also continued concern over the management of groundwater resources, a major source of water supply.