Timely and reliable data underpins the development and maintenance of effective waste management legislation, licensing, policy, programs, and Waste Avoidance and Resource efficiency.
Two different EU legislations require waste data reporting: Waste Statistic regulation and Waste management legislation including the Directive on waste and Directives on specific waste streams. Waste statistics at EU level have had a legal basis since 2002 as a response to the need for comparable and harmonized data.
Regular statistics on the production and management of waste from business and private households are collected from Member States to monitor the implementation of European Union waste policy, which is based on the principles of waste prevention, maximisation of recovery and safe disposal.
Data on specific waste streams are collected to monitor compliance of EU Member States with quantitative targets, like recycling and recovery rates, set out in EU waste legislation.
In order to ensure harmonized calculation, verification and reporting, specific rules including methodology and formats for reporting are established with regard to a number of parameters relating to the target’s calculation.
Waste-related indicators form a substantial part of the circular economy monitoring framework and are important tools to measure progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).